Practical Linguistics™

Practical Linguistics™ teaches students how the language works, the rules it obeys and the consequent inherent predictability gives the student tools to unlock the “mysteries” of reading and writing.

The Orton-Gillingham Linguistics Connection

OG Practical Linguistics™ refers to the imparting of linguistic knowledge to students who struggle to acquire the skill of reading and writing automatically. The knowledge of how the language works, the rules it obeys and the consequent inherent predictability gives the student tools to unlock the “mysteries” of reading and writing.
Students with dyslexia possess cognitive abilities that allow them to grasp the logic of language and use it to read and spell where otherwise they might have had to guess or to invoke inadequate partial knowledge. By teaching students with dyslexia how to use the rules to pronounce words of single or multiple syllables, how to recognize phonetic and morphemic units, the students learn the foundational decoding skills they could not acquire at the same pace as their peers. Likewise, by teaching students to translate sounds into English orthographic patterns, which build to form polysyllables, the students learn to spell words and enhance written expression.
  Orton-Gillingham Practical Linguistics™ is a methodology incorporating the essential elements of the Orton-Gillingham Approach to span a broader area of language instruction than addressed
in Dr. Orton and Anna Gillingham’s teaching manual. Practical Linguistics™ (OG) teaches phonological awareness, phonetics, phonics, syllabication, morphology, spelling rules, syntax, grammar, semantics, punctuation and other conventions of written text. Vocabulary acquisition and text analysis are a crucial part of this methodology as decoding without comprehension has little purpose. Fluent written expression is the ultimate goal of Practical Linguistics™ (OG), as teaching encoding is only a means to an end, that is, the ability to produce clear, effective, goal-oriented written communication.

The Scope of Orton-Gillingham: Practical Linguistics

In order to address the skill deficits of the student with dyslexia, the teacher will need to build skills in the following areas:
  • Phonological Awareness
  • Phonetics
  • Phonics
  • Visual-orthographic Recall
  • Syllabication
  • Morphemic Knowledge
  • Vocabulary Acquisition
  • Grammar
  • Text Analysis
  • Prosody
  • Fine-motor Skills
  • Handwriting

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